In today’s world, the information is produced so rapidly and its validity is lost in a very short period of time, like one year. That the validity of information is lost more quickly day by day will cause the communities to have less knowledge and less production.
The quality and competency of tomorrow’s productive and knowledgeable societies will be shaped by how we educate our children today.
The essential prerequisites for the education include giving the students high-level cognitive skills like creativity, planning, problem-solving, imagining, and questioning and ensuring that they are science-savvy. In this context, it is intended to provide the students with experiences that make them question their existing knowledge and the accuracy of their way of thinking and thus, to help them develop new cognitive schemas through the use of constructivist curricula, which are used in many countries. Through open-ended questions, the students are taught to take an interrogative stance and are encouraged to discuss among themselves. The goal is to have the students support their ideas, find evidence to re-formulate them under the light of new information, and structure the information on their own.
Reaching the same level with the contemporary nations entails producing scientific information, transforming the information into technology, equally distributing the goods and services that are produced using technology among every segment of the society, and thus increasing the living standards of the community. To achieve this, the students’ literacy, interest and skills in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics need to be improved.
On November 23rd, 2009, the U.S. President Barack Obama announced that the primary educational policy of the USA will focus on a new program called STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) in order to improve the health and well-being of the country, to harness clean energy, to protect the security of the nation, to succeed in the global economy and to strengthen America’s role as the world’s engine of scientific and technological innovation. To help meet these goals, Obama announced a series of high-powered partnerships involving leading companies, foundations, nonprofit organizations, and science and engineering societies, all of which are dedicated to moving American students from the middle to the top of the pack in science and math achievement over the next 10 years.
With an understanding of social responsibility, we, as teachers, parents and academicians, must promote students’ interest in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics so that they can conduct the best experiments, create the best designs and design the best software and hardware. We must show them how cool science can be. We must also increase their awareness about the fact that the scientists are the most significant role models to maintain and protect the national and international peace, prosperity and welfare.